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 Biomolecules Online Biology Class 

  • Following is the list of topics that are covered during online biology classes for NEET preparation.

  • After completion of all the topics of the chapter, MCQs based on NEET Pattern questions are discussed.

  • Doubts during the class are also cleared. You can also post your doubts and we will promptly answer it.

9.1 Introduction

  • Introduction

  • Analysis of Chemical Composition

  • Biomicromolecules

  • Biomacromolecules

  • Primary and Secondary Metabolites

9.2 Carbohydrates Monosaccharides

  • monosugars/monosaccharides

  • Types of monosaccharides 

  • Two cyclic forms of monosaccharides

  • derived monosaccharides (modified monosaccharides)

  • Functions of monosaccharides 

9.3 Oligosaccharides

  • Disaccharides

  • Trisaccharides 

  • reducing sugars

  • Functions    

9.4 Carbohydrates Polysaccharides

  • Homopolysaccharides

  • glycogen

  • starch

  • Amylose

  • amylopectin 

  • cellulose (cellulin)

  • inulin

  • chitin

  • Heteropolysaccharides

  • Hyaluronic acids

  • Peptidoglycan

  • Agar

  • functions of Polysaccharides

9.5 Amino Acids

  • Composition. 

  • essential amino acids

  • semi essential amino acids

  • non-essential amino acids

  • Acidic amino acids 

  • Basic amino acids 

  • Neutral amino acids 

  • Sulphur containing amino acids 

  • Alcoholic amino acids 

  • Heterocyclic amino acids 

  • Aromatic amino acids 

  • zwitter ionic nature 

  • Composition of protein amino acids

  • Functions of Amino Acids. 

9.6 Proteins

  • primary structure

  • secondary structure

  • tertiary structure

  • quaternary structure

  • enzymes

  • defence proteins/antibodies

  • hormones

  • receptors

  • transport proteins

  • collagen

  • simple proteins

  • conjugated proteins

9.7 Lipids

  • neutral or true fats. 

  • glycerol/glycerine

  • saturated fatty acids

  • unsaturated acids

  • waxes

9.8 Lipids

  • compound lipids

  • phospholipids

  • glycolipids

  • lipoproteins

  • chromolipids

  • cerebrosides

  • gangliosides

  • sphingomyelins

  • derived lipids

  • steroids

  • prostaglandins/fa

  • functions of lipids

9.9 Nucleotides

  • nucleotides

  • Pentose sugar 

  • Nitrogen base 

  • Phosphate group 

  • Functions of Nucleotides

9.10 Nucleic Acids

  • Deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA)

  • Watson and Crick's model of B-DNA

  • Ribose nucleic acid (RNA)

  • Functions of RNAs

  • Transfer RNA

9.11 Concept of Metabolism

  • dynamic state-concept of metabolism

9.12 Concept of Metabolism

  • metabolic basis for living

  • living state

  • role of enzymes in metabolism

9.13 Enzymes

  • Properties of enzymes

  • mechanism of enzyme action

  • lock and key mechanism

  • induced fit mechanism

  • michaelis-menton hypothesis

9.14 Factors affecting Enzymes action

  • factors affecting enzyme activity

  • temperature

  • pH    

  • substrate concentration

  • presence of inhibitors

  • competitive inhibition

  • effect on Vmax

  • effect on km

  • non-competitive inhibition

  • effect on Vmax

  • effect on km

  • allosteric modulation or feedback inhibition

9.15 Enzymes Classification

  • international system of enzymes- classification

  • oxidoreductases /dehydrogenase

  • transferases

  • hydrolases

  • lyases

  • isomerases

  • ligases

  • naming of enzymes

  • cofactors

  • three categories of cofactors.

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