NEET Biology Video Course

Cell Biology (Code-RCU)

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 1(Introduction cell)-RCU1

 
  • Cell biology​

  • Cell theory

  • History of cell theory

  • Statement of cell theory

  • Cell principle

  • Need for modification of cell theory

  • Statement of cell principle

  • Cell theory versus cell principle

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 2(Unicellular and multicellular organisms)-RCU2

  • Need for multicellularity​

  • Differentiation of cells in a multicellular organism

  • Undifferentiated (stem) cells

  • Germinal epithelium

  • Malpighian layer

  • Meristematic cells

  • Bone marrow

  • Zygote

  • Differentiated (post mitotic) cells

  • Mechanism of differentiation

  • Advantage of differentiation

  • Dedifferentiated(transformed) cells

  • Mode of differentiation

  • Cell culture

  • Cellular totipotency

  • Basis

  • Steward’s experiment

  • Applications of totipotency of plant tissues

  • Flow of information

  • Flow of intrinsic or genetic information

  • Flow of extrinsic or hormonal information

  • On cell surface

  • Within cell

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 3 (Compartmentalization of the cell)-RCU3

  • Cell membrane

  • Cytoplasm

  • Nuclear material

  • Compartments within a cell

  • Advantage of compartmentalisation

  • Units of measurement in cell biology

  • Cell- an open dynamic system

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 4(Prokaryotic cell)-RCU4

  • Size and form

  • Staining properties

  • Outer covering

  • Slime layer and capsule

  • Cell wall

  • Cell membrane

  • Cytoplasm

  • Ribosomes

  • Mesosomes

  • Thylakoids

  • vacuoles

  • Genetic material

  • Appendages

  • Flagella

  • Pilli

  • Biological activities

  • Versatility

  • Utility

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 5(​Eukaryotic cells)-RCU5

  • Main states

  • Size

  • Shape

  • Number

  • Gross structure of a cell

  • Cell membrane

  • Cytoplasm

  • Organelles

  • Inclusions

  • nucleus

  • Viroids and prions

  • Animal cells versus plant cells

  • Cell Organelles

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 6(​Extracellular Matrix)-RCU6

  • Structure

  • functions
     

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 7(​Plasma Membrane)-RCU7
 

  • Cell membrane

  • Intracellular membrane

  • biomembrane

  • Molecular structure of PM

  • Overton’s suggestion

  • Gorter and Grendel Model

  • Daniielli and Davson Model

  • Drawbacks

  • Robertson Model

  • Unit membrane hypothesis

  • Drawbacks

  • Fluid Mosaic Model

  • Phospholipids

  • Proteins

  • Peripheral proteins

  • Integral proteins

  • Oligosaccharides

  • Cholesterol

  • Role of Proteins

  • Carrier Molecules

  • Receptor Molecules

  • Enzyme Molecules

  • Cellular interactions

  • Asymmetry of cell membrane

  • Membrane specificity

  • Cell membrane are fluid and dynamic

  • Experimental demonstration

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 8(​Modifications of cell membrane)-RCU8

  • Folding

  • Infolds(invaginations)

  • Pores

  • Endocytotic vesicles

  • Mesosomes

  • Outfolds(evaginations)

  • Microvilli

  • Interdigitations

  • Ciliary and flagellar sheaths

  • Intercellular junctions

  • Desmosomes

  • Intercellular bridges

  • Tight junctions

  • Terminal bars

  • Gap junctions

  • Plasmodesmata

  • Extracellular coats

  • Chitin

  • Glycocalyx

  • Basement membrane

  • Cell wall

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 9(​Functions of cell membrane)-RCU9

  • Transport across cell membranes

  • Semipermeability

  • Advantage

  • Disadvanatage

  • Physical process

  • Diffusion

  • Demonstration

  • Independence of diffusion

  • Factors affecting diffusion

  • Diffusion through membrane

  • Concentration gradient

  • Modes of diffusion

  • Diffusion of charged molecules

  • Diffusion of gases

  • Dialysis

  • Osmosis

  • Demonstration

  • Osmotically active solution

  • Demonstration in cells

  • Tonicity

  • Adaptations for countering osmosis

  • Plasmolysis

  • Deplasmolysis

  • Passage of water through lipid bilayer

  • Practical applications of plasmolysis

  • Forms of osmosis

  • Osmotic pressure(osmotic potential)

  • Role of osmosis

  • Filtration

  • Biological process

  • Transport by membrane proteins

  • Passive transport by channel proteins

  • Passive transport by carrier proteins

  • Active transport by carrier proteins, a vital process

  • Utility of active transport

  • Resistance to drugs in cancer cells

  • Active transport systems in cells

  • Sodium-potassium exchange pump

  • Importance

  • Calcium pump

  • Energy for pumps

  • Electrogenic pump

  • Characteristics of carrier mediated transport

  • Saturation kinetics

  • Specificity

  • Inhibition

  • Internalization of macromolecules, fluid droplets and large particles

  • Pinocytosis

  • Receptor-mediated endocytosis and its advantage

  • Phagocytosis

  • Receptor-mediated phagocytosis

  • Resistance of phagocytosis

  • Stimuli for endocytosis and phagocytosis

  • Exocytosis

  • Recycling of cell membrane

  • Regulation of intracellular contents

  • Role of cell membrane in locomotion

  • Pseudopodial movement

  • Undulatory movement

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 10(​Endoplasmic Reticulum)-RCU10

  • Discovery

  • location

  • Physical structure

  • Cisternae

  • Tubules

  • Vesicles

  • Molecular structure

  • Types

  • SER

  • RER

  • Origin

  • Functions

  • Common functions of SER and RER

  • Transport of material

  • Formation of desmotubules

  • Support

  • Localization of organelles

  • Surface for synthesis

  • Location of enzymes

  • Storage of materials

  • Exchange of materials

  • Muscle contraction

  • Functions of RER

  • Surface for ribosomes

  • Surface for protein synthesis

  • Packaging

  • Smooth ER formation

  • Formation of Glycoproteins

  • Synthesis of Enzyme precursors

  • Membrane formation

  • Functions of SER

  • Surface for synthesis

  • Glycogen metabolism

  • Detoxification

  • Formation of organelles

  • Calcium storage

  • Transport route
     

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 11(​Ribosomes)-RCU11

  • Location

  • Types

  • Structure

  • Ultrastructure

  • Chemical composition

  • Functions

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 12(​Golgi Apparatus)-RCU12

  • Location

  • Structure

  • Cisternae

  • Tubules

  • vesicles

  • Chemical composition

  • origin

  • Functions

  • Packaging of materials

  • Synthesis of carbohydrates

  • Formation of glycoproteins

  • Formation of lipoproteins

  • Addition to cell membrane

  • Membrane transformation

  • Formation of cell wall

  • Formation of lysosomes

  • Acrosome formation

  • Storage of secretion

  • Formation of yolk(vitellogenesis)

  • Formation of nematocysts and trichocysts

  • Lipid transport

  • Absorption

  • Location of enzymes

  • Formation of plasma membrane

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 13(​Lysosomes)-RCU13

  • Discovery

  • occurance

  • Animal lysosomes

  • Number

  • Morphology

  • Kinds

  • Primary lysosomes

  • Secondary lysosomes

  • Residual bodies

  • Autophagic vacuoles

  • Origin

  • Functions

  • Digestion of useful materials

  • Digestion of harmful materials

  • Digestion of unwanted materials

  • Renewal of cells and organelles

  • Feeding of starving animals

  • Autolysis

  • Aid in fertilization

  • Initiation of mitosis

  • Thyroxine formation

  • Cell’s protection

  • Adverse role of lysosomes

  • Popular names

  • Plant lysosomes

  • Spherosomes

  • Aleurone grains

  • vacuoles

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 14(​Microbodies)-RCU14

  • discovery

  • Location

  • Structure

  • origin

  • Types

  • Animal peroxisomes

  • Glyoxisomes

  • Plant peroxisomes

  • Function

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 15(​Mitochondria)-RCU15

  • Location

  • Structure

  • Form

  • Size

  • Number

  • Components

  • Membranes

  • Outer membrane

  • Inner membrane

  • Cristae

  • Oxysomes

  • Matrix

  • origin

  • Functions

  • Autonomy

  • Evolution

  • inheritance

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 16(​Plastids)-RCU16

  • Location and types

  • Chloroplasts

  • Loation

  • Morphology

  • Size

  • Number

  • Structure

  • membranes

  • Outer membrane

  • Inner membrane

  • Matrix

  • Lamellae

  • Origin

  • Autonomy

  • Evolution

  • Functions

  • Photosynthesis

  • Oxygen supply

  • Starch storage

  • Utilize CO2

  • Change into chromoplasts

  • Lipid storage

  • Synthesis of organic acids

  • Food supply

  • Greenery

  • Resemblance between chloroplasts and mitochondria

  • Similarities between mitochondria, chloroplasts and prokaryotes

  • Leucoplasts

  • Amyloplasts

  • Proteinoplasts/proteoplasts/aleuroplasts

  • Elaioplasts/lipidoplasts

  • Chromoplasts

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 16(​Cytoskeletal Structures)-RCU16
 

  • Need for cytoskeleton

  • Special features of cytoskeleton

  • Functions of cytoskeleton

  • Types of cytoskeletal elements

  • Microtubules

  • Discovery

  • Location

  • Structure

  • Origin

  • Functions

  • Forma and support

  • Movement

  • Formation of mitotic apparatus

  • Chromosome movement

  • Distribution of pigment

  • Components of centrioles and basal bodies

  • Intracellular transport

  • Cell differentiation

  • Cell polarity

  • Orientation of microtubules

  • Microfilaments

  • Discovery

  • Location

  • Structure

  • Functions

  • Support

  • Intracellular movement

  • Streaming movement

  • Cleavage

  • Locomotion

  • Change in form

  • Contraction

  • Movement of villi

  • Movement of plasma membrane

  • Membrane undulations

  • Formation of spindle

  • Intermediate filaments(IFs)

  • Location

  • Structure

  • functions

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 17(​Centrioles)-RCU17

  • Location

  • Structure

  • Chemical composition

  • Functions

  • Basal Bodies

  • Location

  • Structure

  • Functions

  • Cilia and Flagella

  • Location

  • Structure

  • Chemical composition

  • Movement

  • Cilia

  • flagella

  • Functions

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 18(​Vacuoles)-RCU18

  • Location

  • Structure

  • origin

  • Types

  • Sap vacuoles

  • Contractile vacuoles

  • Food vacuoles

  • Gas vacuoles

  • Functions

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 19(​Nucleus)-RCU19

  • Discovery

  • Importance

  • Number

  • Position

  • Form

  • Size

  • Gross structure

  • Chemical composition

  • Functions           

  • Cell maintenance and growth

  • Cell metabolism

  • Genetic information

  • Cell replication

  • Ribosome formation

  • Variation

  • Cell differentiation

  • Nuclear envelope(karyotheca)

  • Structure

  • Origin

  • Functions

  • Nuclear sap(nucleoplasm, karyolymph)

  • structure

  • functions

  • Nuclear matrix

  • Structure

  • Functions

  • Chromatin

  • Structure

  • Types of chromosomes

  • Metacentric

  • Submetacentric

  • Acrocentric

  • Telocentric

  • Chemical composition

  • Types

  • Euchromatin

  • Heterochromatin

  • nucleosomes

  • Nucleolus(little nucleus)

  • Discovery

  • Structure

  • Matrix

  • Fibrillar region

  • Granular region

  • Nucleolar chromatin

  • functions

Class XI 11 Biology Cell Biology- Part 20(​Inclusions)-RCU20

  • In prokaryotes

  • In eukaryotes

  • Reserve food materials

  • Starch grains

  • Aleurone grains

  • Fat droplets

  • Secretions and excretions

  • Inorganic crystals

  • Cystolith

  • Crystal sand

  • Sphaeaphides

  • Prismatic crystals

  • Pigment granules

  • Endomembrane system

  • Independence of cytoplasm and nucleus

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