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 Chemical Coordination and Integration

Online Biology Class 

  • Following is the list of topics that are covered during online biology classes for NEET preparation.

  • After completion of all the topics of the chapter, MCQs based on NEET Pattern questions are discussed.

  • Doubts during the class are also cleared. You can also post your doubts and we will promptly answer it.

22.1 Introduction

  • glands

  • exocrine

  • endocrine

  • heterocrine

  • hormones (to excite/stimulate)

  • chemical nature(classification)

  • amino acid derivatives

  • peptides

  • short peptides

  • long peptides

  • proteins(polypeptides)

  • steroids

  • general characteristics of hormones

  • release of hormones, by 3 types of stimuli

  • specific metabolite

  • other hormone

  • neuronal impulse

  • coordination between endocrine and nervous systems

  • human endocrine glands

  • introduction

  • interaction

  • structure

  • purely endocrine glands

  • partly endocrine glands

22.2 Hypothalamus

  • Structure

  • Releaser hormones

  • Inhibitory hormones or factors (IH OR IF)

22.3 Pituitary and Pineal Glands

  • pituitary (hypophysis)

  • FSH follicle stimulating hormone

  • LH luteinizing hormone

  • TSH thyroid stimulating hormone or thyrotropic hormone or thyrotropin

  • ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone or adrenocorticotrophic

  • STH or GH or somatotropic or growth hormone or somatotropin

  • Disorders

  • Dwarfism

  • Gigantism

  • Acromegaly

  • Prolactin hormone (PH) or luteotropic hormone (LTH)

  • Intermediate lobe of pituitary- MSH melanocyte stimulating hormone

  • Oxytocin (OT)

  • Vasopressin/ADH antidiuretic hormone

  • pineal(epiphysis)

  • Structure

  • Hormones-melatonin

22.4 Thyroid, Parathyroid and Thymus

  • THYROID

  • Functions

  • Hormones

  • Disorders

  • hypothyroidism

  • Simple goitre

  • Cretinism (infancy or childhood)

  • Myxoedema (adults) Gull’s Disease

  • hyperthyroidism

  • Exophthalmic goitre/ Grave’s Disease/autoimmune disorder

  • Calcitonin (CT)

  • Parathyroid

  • Structure 

  • Disorders

  • Hypoparathyroidism- parathyroid tetany

  • Hyperparathyroidism-/ hypercalcemia/osteoporosis

  • thymus

22.5 Adrenal Glands

  • adrenal cortex

  • Zona Glomerular region

  • Mineralocorticoids (aldosterone)

  • Glucocorticoids

  • Sexcorticoids/gonadocorticoids

  • disorders

  • Addison’s disease

  • Cushing’s syndrome

  • Aldosteroinism/ Conn’s syndrome

  • Adrenal virilism/ pseudohermaphroditism

  • Gynaecomastia in males/pseudohermaphroditism

  • adrenal medulla

22.6 Pancreas and Gonads

  • pancreas

  • Structure

  • Alpha cells/A cells/oxyphil cells

  • Glucagon (peptide)

  • Beta cells/B cells

  • Dabetes melltus

  • Type I/IDDM

  • Type II/NIIDM

  • Somatostatin

  • Pancreatic polypeptide

  • gonads

  • Testes

  • Eunnuchoidism

  • Gynaecomastia

  • Ovaries

  • Estrogens

  • Hypogonadism in female/female Eunnuchoidism

  • Progesterone

  • Relaxin

  • Hypogonadism

  • Male hypogonadism

  • Female hypogonadism

22.7 Hormones of Heart, Liver, Kidney and GI Tract

  • heart

  • liver

  • kidneys

  • GI tract

  • Gastrin

  • Secretin (first hormone discovered)

  • Cholecystokinin/CCK/Pancreozymin

  • Gastric Inhibitory Peptide/GIP

  • Enterogastrone

  • Enterocrinin

  • Duocrinin

  • Villikinin

  • Placenta

22.8 Mechanism of Hormone Action

  • mechanism of hormone action

  • hormones with extracellular receptors

  • Mechanism by interaction with membrane bound receptor

  • Action of Insulin

  • Formation of hormone receptor complex

  • Formation of second messenger

  • Amplification of signals

  • Action of Catecholamine (Epinephrine/Adrenaline)

  • ihormone action by interaction with intracellular receptors

17.11 MCQs Discussions​

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