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 Microbes in Human Welfare

Online Biology Class 

  • Following is the list of topics that are covered during online biology classes for NEET preparation.

  • After completion of all the topics of the chapter, MCQs based on NEET Pattern questions are discussed.

  • Doubts during the class are also cleared. You can also post your doubts and we will promptly answer it.

32.1 MICROBES IN HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTS

  • Curd

  • “dough” for making food

  • Cheese

  • Cottage cheese

  • Swiss cheese

  • Roquefort cheese

  • Other household products: toddy, baker’s yeast, sauerkraut, sausage

  • Benefits of Bacteria

  • Lactic acid bacteria

32.2 MICROBES IN INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS

  • Yeast and alcohol (fermented beverages)

  • Baker’s yeast and brewer’s yeast

  • Fermentation process:

  • Batch process

  • Continuous process

  • Antibiotics

  • Historical

  • Properties of an antibiotic

  • Sources of antibiotics

  • Resistance to antibiotics

  • Enzymes

  • Proteases

  • Amylases

  • Amylases, glucoamylases and glucoisomerases

  • Lactases

  • streptokinase

  • Vitamins

  • Vitamin B12 (Cobalamine)

  • Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

  • Organic acids

  • Citric acid

  • Acetic acid

  • Lactic acid

  • Cyclosporine-A

  • statins

32.3 MICROBES IN SEWAGE TREATMENT

  • Sewage composition

  • Harmful effects of sewage

  • BOD

  • Sewage treatment

  • Primary treatment

  • Secondary treatment

  • Importance of microbial treatment of sewage

32.4 MICROBES IN PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS

  • Microorganisms involved in biogas production

  • Composition of biogas

  • Commercial production of biogas

32.5 MICROBES AS BIOPESTICIDES

  • Bioherbicides (biological control of weeds)

  • Some examples of weed-control by bio-herbicides

  • Bioinsecticides

  • baculoviruses

32.6 BIOFERTILIZERS

  • Manures

  • Farm yard manure

  • Compost

  • Green manure

  • Biofertilisers

  • Types of biofertilizers

  • Microphos biofertilisers

  • Free living nitrogen fixing bacteria

  • Rhizobial fertilisers (symbiotic nitrogen fixing bacteria)

  • Loose association of nitrogen fixing bacteria

  • Cyanobacterial biofertilisers

  • Azolla-anaebaena symbiosis

  • Mycorrhiza

  • Ectomycorrhiza

  • endomycorrhiza

  • Advantages of using biofertilisers in agriculture

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