NEET Biology Video Course

Morphology of Flowering Plants (Code-RMP)

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 1(Parts of a Flowering Plant)-RMP1

  • The Root

  • General Characters of the Root

  • Parts of a typical Root

  • Root Cap

  • Meristematic Growing Region

  • Zone of elongation

  • Root-Hair Zone

  • Zone of mature cells

  • Functions of Root

  • Primary Functions

  • Anchorage

  • Absorption

  • Conduction of water and minerals

  • Translocation of organic nutrients

  • Secondary Functions

  • Food storage

  • Additional mechanical support

  • Haustorial roots

  • Assimilation

  • Aeration

  • Symbiotic Nitrogen fixation

  • Floating and balancing

  • Hygroscopic roots

  • Reproduction

  • Climbing

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 2(Root Systems)-RMP2

  • Tap root system

  • Adventitious roots system

  • Modification of Tap Roots

  • Storage roots

  • Conical

  • Fusiform

  • Napiform

  • Tuberous

  • Nodulated(Tuberculate Roots)

  • Pneumatophores or Respiratory Roots

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 3(Modifications of Adventitious Roots)-RMP3

  • Roots modified for storage of food

  • Tuberous roots

  • Fasciculated roots

  • Palmate tuberous roots

  • Nodulose roots

  • Moniliform roots

  • Annulated roots

  • Roots modified to give additional mechanical support

  • Prop roots

  • Stilt roots

  • Climbing roots

  • Roots modified to perform vital functions

  • Assimilatory(Photosynthetic roots)

  • Haustorial (Parasitic)roots

  • Floating roots

  • Epiphytic roots

  • Contractile or pull roots

  • Reproductive roots

  • Leaf roots

  • Root thorns

  • Rootless Plants

  • Plants that are all Roots

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 4(The Stem)-RMP4

  • Characteristics of a Stem

  • Buds

  • According to their nature or structure

  • Vegetative buds

  • Floral buds

  • Mixed buds

  • According to their position

  • Normal buds

  • Apical buds

  • Lateral buds

  • Axillary buds

  • Accessory buds

  • Extra-axillary buds

  • Adventitious buds

  • Epiphyllous buds

  • Cauline buds

  • Radical buds

  • Bulbils or specialized buds

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 5(​Branching of Stem)-RMP5

  • Racemose branching

  • Cymose branching

  • Monochasial (Uniparous)

  • Dichasial(Multiparous)

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 6(​Different Classes of Plants)-RMP6

  • Habits of plants

  • Herbs

  • Shrubs

  • Trees

  • Life span

  • Annual

  • Biennials

  • perennials

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 7(​​Diverse forms of Stems)-RMP7

  • Reduced stems

  • Erect stems

  • Culm

  • Caudex or columnar

  • Excurrent

  • Decurrent or Deliquescent

  • Weak stems

  • Upright weak stems

  • Twiners

  • Climbers

  • Tendril climbers

  • Root climbers

  • Scramblers

  • Lianas

  • Prostrate weak stems

  • Trailers

  • Procumbent

  • Decumbent

  • Diffuse

  • Creepers

  • Runners

  • Stolons

  • offsets

  • Modifications of Stem

  • Underground(subterranean) stem modifications

  • Sucker

  • Rhizome

  • Rootstock

  • Straggling

  • Corm

  • Tuber

  • Bulb

  • Tunicated bulb

  • Simple tunicated bulbs

  • Compound tunicated bulbs

  • Scaly bulbs

  • Aerial (epiterranean)stem modifications

  • Stem tendrils

  • Axillary

  • Extra-axillary

  • Apical bud tendrils

  • Floral bud  or inflorescence tendrils

  • Stem thorns

  • Phylloclades

  • Cladodes

  • Thalamus(torus)

  • Functions of Stem

  • Primary functions

  • Secondary or accessory functions

  • Storage

  • Synthesis of food

  • Perennation

  • Vegetative propagation

  • Protection

  • support

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 8(​​The Leaf)-RMP8

  • Characteristics of Leaf

  • Parts of Leaf

  • Leaf base(=Hypopodium)

  • Petiole(=Mesopodium)

  • Lamina(=Epipodium) or Leaf Blade

  • Phyllotaxy(=Phyllotaxis)

  • Alternate or spiral

  • Distichous

  • Tristichous

  • Pentastichous

  • Octostichous

  • Opposite

  • Whorled or verticillate

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 9(​​Basis of Classification)-RMP9

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 10(​​Venation)-RMP10

  • Reticular venation

  • Unicostate

  • Multicostate

  • Parallel venation

  • Unicostate

  • Multicostate

  • Convergent

  • divergent

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 11(​​Leaf Incision(Simple and Compound Leaves))-RMP11

  • Simple leaves

  • Pinnatifid and palmatifid

  • Pinnatipartite and palmatipartite

  • Pinnatisect and palmatisect

  • Compound leaves

  • Pinnate compound leaves

  • Unipinnate

  • Paripinnate

  • Imparipinnate

  • Bipinnate

  • Tripinnate

  • Decompounds

  • Palmate compound leaves

  • Unifoliate

  • Bifoliate

  • Trifoliate

  • Quadrifoliate

  • multifoliate

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 12(​​Modifications of Leaves)-RMP12

  • Storage leaf

  • Leaf tendrils

  • Whole leaf tendrils

  • Leaf tip tendril

  • Leaflet tendrils

  • Petiole tendrils

  • Rachis tendrils

  • Rachis tendril

  • Stipular tendrils

  • Leaf spines

  • Leaf hooks

  • Phyllodes

  • Insect catching leaves

  • Pitchers

  • Bladders

  • Drosera

  • Pitcher of epiphytic plant

  • Cataphylls or scale leaves

  • Floral leaves

  • Functions of Leaf

  • Primary functions

  • Photosynthesis

  • Gaseous exchange

  • Transpiration

  • Protection of buds

  • Conduction

  • Secondary functions

  • Storage

  • Protection

  • Support

  • Nitrogen nutrition

  • reproduction

  • Importance of Studying Leaf Morphology

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 13           (​​Inflorescence)-RMP13

  • Types

  • Racemose

  • Simple racemose inflorescence

  • Typical raceme

  • Spike

  • Catkin or ament

  • Spadix

  • Corymb

  • Umbel

  • Capitulum or head

  • Compound racemose inflorescence

  • Panicle

  • Compound spike

  • Compound spadix

  • Compound corymb

  • Compound umbel

  • Compound capitulum

  • Cymose

  • Uniparous or monochasial cyme

  • Scorpoid(cincinnus)

  • Helicoids(bostryx)

  • Biparous or dichasial cyme

  • Multiparous of polychasial cyme

  • Special types of inflorescence

  • Hypanthodium

  • Cyathium

  • verticillaster

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 14(​​Flower)-RMP14

  • Structure of Flower

  • Parts of a Typical Flower

  • Calyx

  • Corolla

  • Perianth

  • Androecium

  • Gynoecium

  • Taxonomic Description of Flower

  • Flower

  • Pedicel

  • Pedicellate

  • Sessile

  • Staminate

  • Pistillate

  • Presence of floral whorls

  • Complete

  • Incomplete

  • Hermaphrodite or bisexual or perfect

  • Unisexual or imperfect

  • Neurter

  • Polygamous

  • Monoecious

  • Dioecious

  • Floral symmeter

  • Actinomorphic

  • Zygomorphic

  • Asymmetric

  • Arrangement of floral organs

  • Cyclic

  • Acyclic

  • Spirocyclic

  • Position of floral parts on thalamus in respect to ovary

  • Hypogynous or superior ovary

  • Perigynous

  • Epigynous or inferior ovary

  • Number of floral parts

  • Isomerous

  • Dimerous

  • Trimerous

  • Tetramerous

  • Pentamerous

  • Heteromerous

  • Bracts and bracteoles

  • Bracteate

  • Leafy bracts

  • Spathe

  • Involucres

  • Petaloid bracts

  • glumes

  • Ebracteate

  • Bracteole

  • Bracteolate

  • Ebracteolate

  • Epicalyx

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 15(​​Calyx)-RMP15

  • Color

  • Sepaloid

  • Petaloid

  • Cohesion

  • Polysephalous

  • Gamosepalous

  • Toothed

  • Fid

  • Partite

  • Shape

  • Pappus

  • Spurred

  • Spinous

  • Companulate

  • Cupulate

  • Urceolate

  • Infundibuliform

  • Hooded

  • Bilabiate

  • Tubular

  • Aestivation

  • Valvate

  • Induplicate

  • Reduplicate

  • Involucres

  • Twisted (contorted)

  • Imbricate

  • Quincuncial

  • Duration of calyx

  • Persistent

  • Caduceus

  • Deciduous

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 16(​​Corolla)-RMP16

  • Cohesion

  • Polypetalous

  • Gamopetalous

  • Shape

  • Cruciform

  • Caryophyllaceous

  • Rosaceous

  • Papilionaceous

  • Infundibuliform

  • Campanulate

  • Tubular

  • Hypocrateriform

  • Rotate

  • Bilabiate

  • Ligulate

  • Aestivation

  • Open

  • Valvate

  • Induplicate

  • Reduplicate

  • Involute

  • Twisted(or contorted)

  • Imbricate

  • Ascending imbricate

  • Descending imbricate or vexillary

  • Quincuncial

  • Perianth

  • Tepals

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 17(​​Androecium)-RMP17

  • Cohesion of stamens

  • Monadelphous

  • Diadelphous

  • Polyadelphous

  • Syngenesious

  • Synandrous

  • Polyandrous

  • Adhesion of stamens

  • Epipetalous

  • Epitepalous(epiphyllous)

  • Gynandrous

  • Insertion of stamens

  • Haplostemonous

  • Antesepalous

  • Diplostemonous

  • Obdiplostemonous

  • Polystemonous

  • Size of the stamens

  • Didynamous

  • Tetradynamous

  • Position of stamens

  • Inserted

  • Exerted

  • Number or anther lobes or thecae

  • Dithecous

  • Monothecous

  • Fixation of anthers

  • Basifixed(innate)

  • Adnate

  • Dorsifixed

  • Versatile

  • Dehiscence of anthers

  • Longitudinal

  • Introrse

  • Extrorse

  • Latrorse

  • Transverse

  • Valvular

  • Porous

  • Irregular

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 18(Gynoecium​​)-RMP18

  • Number of carpels

  • Monocarpellary

  • Bicarpellary

  • Tricarpellary

  • Tetracarpellary

  • Pentacarpellary

  • Multicarpellary

  • Cohesion of carpels

  • Apocarpous

  • Syncarpous

  • Position of ovary

  • Superior

  • Semi-inferior

  • Inferior

  • Number of locules

  • Unilocular

  • Bilocular

  • Trilocular

  • Tetralocular

  • Pentalocular

  • Multilocular

  • Placentation type

  • Marginal

  • Axile

  • Parietal

  • Free-central

  • Basal

  • Superficial

  • Style

  • Terminal

  • Lateral

  • Gynobasic

  • Stylopodium

  • Stigma

  • Capitates

  • Discoid

  • Plumose

  • Dumb-bell shaped

  • Bifid

  • Linear

  • sticky

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 19(Fruit​​)-RMP19

  • Structure of Fruit

  • Classification of Fruits

  • Simple fruit

  • Dry simple fruit

  • Dehiscent dry fruits

  • Legume

  • Follicle

  • Siliqua

  • Capsule

  • Schizocarpic dry fruits

  • Lomentum

  • Cremocarp

  • Regma

  • Carcerule

  • Indehiscent dry fruits

  • Achene

  • Caryopsis

  • Cypsela

  • Nut

  • Samara

  • Fleshy simple fruits

  • Berry

  • Hesperidium

  • Pepo

  • Drupe

  • Balausta

  • Amphisacra

  • Pome

  • Aggregate fruits

  • Etaerio of follicles

  • Etaerio of achenes

  • Etaerio of drupes

  • Etaerio of berries

  • Multiple or composite fruits

  • Sorosis

  • syconus

  • Biological Significance of Fruit Formation

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 20(Seed​​)-RMP20

  • Parts of a seed

  • Seed coat

  • Testa

  • Tegmen

  • Hilum

  • Micropyle

  • Chalaza

  • Raphe

  • Embryo

  • Radical

  • Plumule

  • cotyledons

  • Albuminous and Exalbuminous Seeds

  • Structure of Bean Seed(An Example of a Dicotyledonous Nonendospermic Seed)

  • Structure of Maize Grain (An Example of a Monocotyledonous Endospermic Seed)

  • Physiological Enigma

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 21(Dispersal of Fruits and Seeds​​)-RMP21

  • Autochory

  • Anemochory

  • Light weight and minute seeds

  • Winged seeds and fruits

  • Parachute like pappus

  • Parachute like coma

  • Censer mechanism

  • Balloon like appendages

  • Rolling mechanism

  • Hydrochory

  • zoochory

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 22(Proforma of Taxonomic Description of a Plant​​)-RMP22

  • Habit

  • Root

  • Stem

  • Leaf

  • Inflorescence

  • Flower

  • Calyx

  • Corolla

  • Perianth

  • Androecium

  • Gynoecium

  • Fruits

  • Floral Formula

  • Floral Diagram

Class XI 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants- Part 23(Taxonomic Description of some important Families)-RMP23

  • Fabaceae(=Papillionaceae or Pea Family)

  • Solanaceae

  • Liliaceae(Lily Family)

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