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 The Living World Online Biology Class 

  • Following is the list of topics that are covered during online biology classes for NEET preparation.

  • After completion of all the topics of the chapter, MCQs based on NEET Pattern questions are discussed.

  • Doubts during the class are also cleared. You can also post your doubts and we will promptly answer it.

1.1 Characteristics of living organisms

  • cellular structure

  • definite shape and size

  • organisation

  • growth and development

  • reproduction

  • energy

  • metabolism

  • homeostasis

  • response and irritability

  • healing and repair

  • excretion

  • movement

  • variation & adaptation- short term and long term

  • evolution

  • life span

  • death

1.2 degree and basis of diversity

  • appearance

  • Form

  • Size

  • Color

  • Habitat

  • Aquatic

  • Plankton

  • Nekton

  • benthos

  • terrestrial

  • fossorial

  • scanosorial

  • arboreal

  • Volant

  • Cursorial

  • Plants hydrophytes, halophytes, mesophytes, xerophytes

  • Habits- free living, parasites, commensals, symbionts, solitary, colonies, social life, plantigrade, digitigrade, unguligrade, autotomy, regeneration, hibernation, aestivation

  • Structure- prokaryotic, eukaryotic

1.3 degree and basis of diversity(Physiology)

  • Nutrition

  • Autotrophic-photosynthetic or chemosynthetic

  • Heterotrophic

  • Saprozoic or saprophytic

  • Holotrophic/holozoic

  • Herbivorouss

  • Carnivorous

  • Omnivorous

  • Sanguivorous

  • Mixotrophic

  • Insectivorous

  • Respiration

  • Body surface

  • Gills

  • Lungs

  • Tracheae

  • Stomata(plants)

  • Excretion

  • Irritability

  • Reproduction

  • Asexual

  • Sexual

  • Seeds, spores

  • Oviparous, viviparous, ovoviviparous

1.4 SYSTEMATICS

  • History

  • Classical taxonomy

  • Modern taxonomy/ new systematics

  • Basis of Systematic Study

  • Characterization

  • Identification

  • Classification

  • nomenclature

  • Indentification

  • Classification

  • Classification guidelines

  • Interpretation of characteristics of organisms

  • Chemical similarities

  • Problems in classification

  • Nomenclature

    • Meaning

    • Need for scientific name

    • Advantages and drawbacks of common/vernacular names

  • Drawbacks

  • Insufficiency

  • Multiplicity

  • Ambibuity

  • Unscientific basis

  • Fantasticalness

  • Wrong impression

  • Different meanings

  • Fresh names

  • Advantages

    • Systems of scientific names- binomial and trinomial nomenclature

    • Codes of biological nomenclature- ICBN(1961), ICZN(1964), ICBN, ICVN, ICNCP

    • Rules of scientific names/binomial nomenclature

    • Advantages of scientific names

1.5 Taxonomy

  • Taxonomic Categories

  • Meaning

  • Major taxonomic categories

  • Obligate categories

  • Species

  • genus, 

  • family, 

  • order, 

  • class, 

  • phyla/divisions, 

  • kingdom

  • Intermediate categories

  • Taxonomic hierarchy

  • Taxon

  • Utilities of systematics

  • Academic facility

  • Identification service-applied biology, pest control, disease control, quarantine control, preservation of wild life, fossil study, newly discovered organisms, indicator organisms

1.6 Taxonomic Aids

  • Herbarium

  • History of herbaria

  • Major herbaria

  • Role of herbaria

  • Repository of plant species

  • Safety of type specimens

  • Compilation of floras, manuals and monographs

  • Identification facility

  • Training facility

  • Research facility

  • Preservation of voucher specimen

  • Herbarium techniques (Pic. Of herbarium, tools)

1.7 Identification of Species

  • Manual

  • Flora

  • Monograph

  • Catalogue

  • Key

1.8 Botanical gardens

  • Meaning

  • Plants grown in botanical gardens

  • History of botanical gardens

  • Major botanical gardens

  • Role of botanical gardens

  • Aesthetic and recreation

  • Material for botanical research

  • On site teaching

  • Conservation

  • Seed exchange

  • Herbarium and library

  • Public services

  • Ecological roles

  • Employment

1.9 Zoological Museums

  • History of indian museums

  • Aims/functions of zoological museums

  • Acquisition of matrials

  • Recording of materials

  • Preservation of materials

  • Research & education

  • Exhibition of materials

  • Catergories of zoological museum-small, medium, large

  • How to proceed in museum

  • Objects exhibited in museums

  • Stuffed animals

  • Stuffed heads

  • Preserved animals

  • Dried animals

  • Skeletons

  • Bird beaks, feets, eggs, feather, nests

  • Molluscan shells

  • Elephant tusks

  • Fossils

  • Models and charts

  • Animal products

  • Zoological parks

  • Meaning

  • Role in wildlife conservation

  • Zoos of india

1.10 Keys- yorked or indented/ bracketed key
 

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